如何用MySQL查询重复记录,及删除重复记录

2018年6月27日17:58:32 发表评论 25 阅读
 MySQL查询重复字段,及删除重复记录的方法MySQL, 数据库, 数据库, 字段, 服务器数据库中需要查找其中的名字有重复的记录id,以便比较。MYSQL查询重复记录的方法很多,下面就为您介绍几种最常用的MYSQL查询重复记录的方法,希望对您学习MYSQL查询重复记录方面能有所帮助。

MySQL查询重复字段,及删除重复记录的方法

 

SELECT min(`id`),`name` FROM `table` GROUP BY `name`;

但是这样并不能得到说有重复字段的id值。(只得到了最小的一个id值)查询哪些字段是重复的也容易:

如何用MySQL查询重复记录,及删除重复记录

MySQL查询重复记录,及删除重复记录

SELECT `name`,count(`name`) as count FROM `table` GROUP BY `name` HAVING count(`name`) >1 ORDER BY count DESC;

但是要一次查询到重复字段的id值,就必须使用子查询了,于是使用下面的语句。

SELECT `id`,`name` FROM `table` WHERE `name` in (
SELECT `name`
FROM `table`
GROUP BY `name` HAVING count(`name`) >1);

但是这条语句在mysql中效率太差,感觉mysql并没有为子查询生成零时表。于是使用先建立零时表:

create table `tmptable` as (
SELECT `name`
FROM `table`
GROUP BY `name` HAVING count(`name`) >1);

然后使用多表连接查询:

SELECT a.`id`, a.`name` FROM `table` a, `tmptable` t WHERE a.`name` = t.`name`;

结果这次结果很快就出来了。

(一)     查询及删除重复记录的方法

1、查找表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断

select * from people
where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)

2、删除表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断,只留有rowid最小的记录

delete from people
where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId )>1)

3、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段)

select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)

4、删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),只留有rowid最小的记录

delete from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

5、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录

select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

(二)比方说在A表中存在一个字段「name」,而且不同记录之间的「name」值有可能会相同,
现在就是需要查询出在该表中的各记录之间,「name」值存在重复的项;

Select Name,Count(*) From A Group By Name Having Count(*) > 1

如果还查性别也相同大则如下:

Select Name,sex,Count(*) From A Group By Name,sex Having Count(*) > 1

(三)MySQL查询重复字段,及删除重复记录的方法一

declare @max integer,@id integer
declare cur_rows cursor local for select 主字段,count(*) from 表名 group by 主字段 having count(*) >; 1
open cur_rows
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
while @@fetch_status=0
begin
select @max = @max -1
set rowcount @max
delete from 表名 where 主字段 = @id
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
end
close cur_rows
set rowcount 0

MySQL查询重复字段,及删除重复记录的方法二

有两个意义上的重复记录,一是完全重复的记录,也即所有字段均重复的记录,二是部分关键词段重复的记录,比如Name字段重复,而其它字段不一定重复或都重复可以忽略。

1、对于第一种重复,比较容易解决,使用

select distinct * from tableName

就可以得到无重复记录的结果集。

如果该表需要删除重复的记录(重复记录保留1条),可以按以下方法删除

select distinct * into #Tmp from tableName
drop table tableName
select * into tableName from #Tmp
drop table #Tmp

发生这种重复的原因是表设计不周产生的,增加唯一索引列即可解决。

2、这类重复问题通常要求保留重复记录中的第一条记录,操作方法如下  假设有重复的字段为Name,Address,要求得到这两个字段唯一的结果集

select identity(int,1,1) as autoID, * into #Tmp from tableName
select min(autoID) as autoID into #Tmp2 from #Tmp group by Name,autoID
select * from #Tmp where autoID in(select autoID from #tmp2)

最后一个select即得到了Name,Address不重复的结果集(但多了一个autoID字段,实际写时可以写在select子句中省去此列)

(四)查询重复

select * from tablename where id in (
select id from tablename
group by id
having count(id) > 1
)

查找所有重复标题的记录:

SELECT * FROM t_info a WHERE ((SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t_info WHERE Title = a.Title) > 1) ORDER BY Title DESC

一、查找重复记录

1、查找全部重复记录

Select * From 表 Where 重复字段 In (Select 重复字段 From 表 Group By 重复字段 Having Count(*)>1)

2、过滤重复记录(只显示一条)

Select * From HZT Where ID In (Select Max(ID) From HZT Group By Title)

注:此处显示ID最大一条记录

二、删除重复记录

1、删除全部重复记录(慎用)

Delete 表 Where 重复字段 In (Select 重复字段 From 表 Group By 重复字段 Having Count(*)>1)

2、保留一条(这个应该是大多数人所需要的 ^_^)

Delete HZT Where ID Not In (Select Max(ID) From HZT Group By Title)

注:此处保留ID最大一条记录

三、举例删除多余的重复记录

1、查找表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断

select * from people where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)

2、删除表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断,只留有rowid最小的记录

delete from people where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1) and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId )>1)

3、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段)

select * from vitae a where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)

4、删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),只留有rowid最小的记录

delete from vitae a where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1) and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

5、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录

select * from vitae a where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1) and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

四、补充删除多余的重复记录

有两个以上的重复记录,一是完全重复的记录,也即所有字段均重复的记录,二是部分关键字段重复的记录,比如Name字段重复,而其他字段不一定重复或都重复可以忽略。

1、对于第一种重复,比较容易解决,使用

select distinct * from tableName

就可以得到无重复记录的结果集。如果该表需要删除重复的记录(重复记录保留1条),可以按以下方法删除

select distinct * into #Tmp from tableName
drop table tableName
select * into tableName from #Tmp
drop table #Tmp

发生这种重复的原因是表设计不周产生的,增加唯一索引列即可解决。

2、这类重复问题通常要求保留重复记录中的第一条记录,操作方法如下假设有重复的字段为Name,Address,要求得到这两个字段唯一的结果集

select identity(int,1,1) as autoID, * into #Tmp from tableName
select min(autoID) as autoID into #Tmp2 from #Tmp group by Name,autoID
select * from #Tmp where autoID in(select autoID from #tmp2)

转:https://blog.csdn.net/l1028386804/article/details/51733585

 

hcyaobin

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